The Master discusses with his disciples and unveil his preoccupations with society. Tr. Legge (en), Lau (en) and Couvreur (fr).
Characters disliked by Confucius and Tsze-kung.
1. Tsze-kung said, "Has the superior man his hatreds also?" The Master said, "He has his hatreds. He hates those who proclaim the evil of others. He hates the man who, being in a low station, slanders his superiors. He hates those who have valor merely, and are unobservant of propriety. He hates those who are forward and determined, and, at the same time, of contracted understanding."
2. The Master then inquired, "Ts'ze, have you also your hatreds?" Tsze-kung replied, "I hate those who pry out matters, and ascribe the knowledge to their wisdom. I hate those who are only not modest, and think that they are valorous. I hate those who make known secrets, and think that they are straightforward."
Tzu-kung said, 'Does even the gentleman have dislikes?' The Master said, 'Yes. The gentleman has his dislikes. He dislikes those who proclaim the evil in others. He dislikes those who, being in inferior positions, slander their superiors. He dislikes those who, while possessing courage, lack the spirit of the rites. He dislikes those whose resoluteness is not tempered by understanding.'
The Master added, 'Do you, Ssu, have your dislikes as well?'
'I dislike those in whom plagiarizing passes for wisdom. I dislike those in whom insolence passes for courage. I dislike those in whom exposure of others passes for forthrightness.'
Tzeu koung dit : « Est-il des hommes honorables qui éprouvent aussi de la haine ? » Le Maître répondit : « Oui. L'homme honorable hait ceux qui publient les défauts d'autrui ; il hait les hommes de basse condition qui dénigrent ceux qui sont d'une condition plus élevée ; il hait les hommes braves qui violent les rites ; il hait les hommes audacieux qui ont l'intelligence étroite. » Le Maître ajouta : « Et toi, Seu, as-tu aussi de l'aversion pour certains hommes ? Je hais, répondit Tzeu koung, ceux qui font passer le plagiat pour du savoir ; je hais ceux qui font preuve d'irrévérence, s'imaginant que c'est courage ; je hais ceux qui dénoncent les fautes d'autrui pensant que c'est franchise. »
The Analects of Confucius – Lun Yu XVII. 24. (471) – Chinese off/on – Français/English
Alias the Lunyu, the Lun Yü, the Analects, les Entretiens du maître avec ses disciples.
The Book of Odes, The Analects, Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean, Three-characters book, The Book of Changes, The Way and its Power, 300 Tang Poems, The Art of War, Thirty-Six Strategies
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