The Master discusses with his disciples and unveil his preoccupations with society. Tr. Legge (en), Lau (en) and Couvreur (fr).
Confucius's dislike of pretension, and contentment with his condition.
1. The Master being very ill, Tsze-lû wished the disciples to act as ministers to him.
2. During a remission of his illness, he said, "Long has the conduct of Yû been deceitful! By pretending to have ministers when I have them not, whom should I impose upon? Should I impose upon Heaven?
3. "Moreover, than that I should die in the hands of ministers, is it not better that I should die in the hands of you, my disciples? And though I may not get a great burial, shall I die upon the road?"
The Master was seriously ill. Tzu-lu told his disciples to act as retainers. During a period when his condition had improved, the Master said, 'Yu has long been practising deception. In pretending that I had retainers when I had none, who would we be deceiving? Would we be deceiving Heaven? Moreover, would I not rather die in your hands, my friends, than in the hands of retainers? And even if I were not given an elaborate funeral, it is not as if I was dying by the wayside.' I
Le Maître étant gravement malade, Tzeu lou engagea les disciples à lui servir d'intendants1. Le mal ayant un peu diminué, Confucius dit : « Il y a longtemps, Iou, que tu uses de faux-semblants. Je n'ai pas d'intendants, et cependant je suis comme si j'en avais. Puis-je tromper quelqu'un par cette ruse ? Espéré-je tromper le Ciel ? D'ailleurs, ne m'est-il pas préférable de mourir entre les mains de mes disciples qu'entre les mains d'intendants ? Et quand même je n'aurais pas un pompeux enterrement, je peux être sûr de ne pas mourir au bord d'un chemin ! »
The Analects of Confucius – Lun Yu IX. 12. (221) – Chinese off/on – Français/English
Alias the Lunyu, the Lun Yü, the Analects, les Entretiens du maître avec ses disciples.
The Book of Odes, The Analects, Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean, Three-characters book, The Book of Changes, The Way and its Power, 300 Tang Poems, The Art of War, Thirty-Six Strategies
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